Introduction
HTML, or Hypertext Markup Language, is the primary language for structuring web pages. It collaborates with CSS and JavaScript to define content, appearance, and behavior. HTML comprises elements enclosed in angle brackets, encompassing various webpage components like headings, paragraphs, images, and links. The standard structure includes the , , and elements. HTML facilitates hyperlink creation through the tag, enabling seamless navigation between web pages. HTML5, the latest version, introduces new elements and attributes, enhancing web functionality and accessibility. In essence, HTML serves as the foundation for creating structured, interactive web content, essential for web development and design.

Creating tables
About Lesson

To create a table in HTML, follow these steps:

1. **Use the `<table>` Tag:**
– Start by opening the `<table>` tag to define the beginning of the table.
– Example:
“`html
<table>
<!– Table content will go here –>
</table>
“`

2. **Add Table Rows with `<tr>` Tags:**
– Inside the `<table>` tag, add table rows (`<tr>` tags) to represent each row of the table.
– Example:
“`html
<table>
<tr>
<!– Table cells for the first row –>
</tr>
<tr>
<!– Table cells for the second row –>
</tr>
</table>
“`

3. **Insert Table Cells with `<td>` Tags:**
– Within each `<tr>` tag, add table cells (`<td>` tags) to represent the data in each column of the table.
– Example:
“`html
<table>
<tr>
<td>Data 1</td>
<td>Data 2</td>
<td>Data 3</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>Data 4</td>
<td>Data 5</td>
<td>Data 6</td>
</tr>
</table>
“`

4. **Add Table Headers with `<th>` Tags:**
– If the first row of your table contains headers, use the `<th>` tags instead of `<td>` tags to define header cells.
– Example:
“`html
<table>
<tr>
<th>Header 1</th>
<th>Header 2</th>
<th>Header 3</th>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>Data 1</td>
<td>Data 2</td>
<td>Data 3</td>
</tr>
</table>
“`

5. **Complete the Table Structure:**
– Continue adding rows and cells as needed to complete the table structure.

6. **Optional: Use Table Caption with `<caption>` Tag:**
– You can add a caption to your table using the `<caption>` tag. This is placed immediately after the opening `<table>` tag.
– Example:
“`html
<table>
<caption>Employee Information</caption>
<!– Table content –>
</table>
“`

7. **Optional: Group Table Sections with `<thead>`, `<tbody>`, and `<tfoot>` Tags:**
– You can use these tags to group the header, body, and footer sections of the table for better organization and styling.
– Example:
“`html
<table>
<thead>
<!– Table header rows –>
</thead>
<tbody>
<!– Table body rows –>
</tbody>
<tfoot>
<!– Table footer rows –>
</tfoot>
</table>
“`

By following these steps, you can create structured and organized tables in HTML to present data effectively on your web pages.

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